ICCT’s Key Publications on Far-Right Violent Extremism and Extremist Manifestos
How do far-right violent extremist make use of extremist manifestos? And how can manifestos help us understand individual radicalisation processes? On 14 May, 2022, a racially motivated attack in Buffalo, New York, killed ten people. The shooter’s manifesto has been found online, referencing racist and white nationalist tropes and far-right conspiracy theories. The attacker’s decision to publish a manifesto in which he outlines ideology and motivations for the attack illustrates the need to look further into the role of extremist manifestos in far-right terrorist attacks. To learn more about this topic, dive into ICCT’s key publications on far-right violent extremism and the use of extremist manifestos.
1️⃣ Over the past few years, several major far-right terrorist attacks have been accompanied by detailed, published manifestos, which outline ideology, motivation, and tactical choices. Given that such manifestos are rapidly becoming an essential part of far-right violence, they urgently require more detailed analysis. In this Policy Brief, Jacob Ware assesses several manifestos for common themes and discusses implications for counter-terrorism scholars and practitioners.
2️⃣ Political violence associated with the far-right and ethnically and racially motivated extremism is widely seen as a growing threat across the globe. In this Perspective on far-right ideology and its trajectory, Donald Holbrook considers how we can think about this phenomenon more effectively.
3️⃣ What role does ressentiment play in self-legitimating far-right terrorist perpetrators’ attacks? In this Research Paper on far-right violent extremism and extremist manifestos, Sophie Kaldor nuances existing understandings of terrorists’ motivations by uncovering the emotional process of ressentiment in the manifestos of three far-right violent extremists.
4️⃣ How did the perpetrator of the 2011 Oslo attacks use his extremist manifesto to reframe neo-Nazi doctrine and call for a “cultural war”? In this Perspective on the Oslo attacker’s extremist manifesto, Arun Kundnani closer examines the perpetrator’s far-right extremist views on multiculturalism and Islam.
5️⃣ Did the internet have a particularly important role in the Christchurch shooter’s radicalisation process? To learn about the attacker’s manifesto, radicalisation process, and online activity, take a look at this Perspective, in which Yannick Veilleux-Lepage, Chelsea Daymon, and Amarnath Amarasingam highlight key takeaways from the Christchurch Attack Report.
6️⃣ What elements characterise far-right terrorist “lone wolves” modus operandi? In this Perspective on the 2011 Oslo attack, Beatrice de Graaf and Eelco Kessels analyse radicalisation leading to violent actions as a three layer model: 1) a political-cultural layer, 2) an enabling environment, and 3) an individual, psychological level.