Remembering Utøya, 10 Years Later: Enduring Lessons for Counter-TerrorismJacob Ware 19 Jul 2021
July 22, 2021 marks the 10-year anniversary of Anders Behring Breivik’s lone actor attack on Oslo. The intervening decade has seen a wave of far-right violence targeting Western cities, many inspired by the Norwegian terrorist. The anniversary accordingly offers an important opportunity to revisit counter-terrorism lessons learned, and to assess whether they have been sufficiently implemented in strategies preventing political violence. This Policy Brief finds that lessons learned from events transpiring before, during, and after the attack have been insufficiently considered, and that new counter-terrorism strategies targeting far-right violence should re-assess failures that permitted the attack and incorporate responses to those weaknesses.
Keywords: Terrorism, Far-Right, Neo-Nazism, White Supremacy, Oslo, Breivik
- Flashpoints: an Interactive Game on Counter-Terrorism. Examining the aftermath of a key incident in the study of terrorism, this narrative places readers in the perspective of key actors as they navigate important dilemmas in the field of counter-terrorism.
- Remembering Terrorism: The Case of Norway. What can we learn about the societal responses to terrorism from how Norway commemorates the attacks and deals with the locations where these attacks have taken place?
- The Anders Behring Breivik Trial: Performing Justice, Defending Democracy. This Research Paper examines to what extent the Breivik trial attained the goals of criminal justice: retribution, prevention, restoring democratic order and upholding the rule of law — and aims to determine if the trial contributed to the need for closure in society.