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Protecting Intelligence Sources & Witnesses

In November 2012, ICCT together with the T.M.C. Asser Institute began a criminal justice sector/ rule of law capacity building project aimed at developing or improving good practices in an effective and rule of law-based criminal justice sector response to terrorism. The project relates to the efforts of the Global Counterterrorism Forum (GCTF) Criminal Justice Sector/Rule of Law Working Group and the GCTF Rabat Memorandum on Good Practices for Effective Counterterrorism Practice in the Criminal Justice Sector.


Project Goals

October 21, 2020

The overall objective of the project is to assist governments, legislators and the judiciary in strengthening an effective and rule of law-based criminal justice sector response to terrorism. The main focus is to assist in developing or improving adequate processes for the use and protection of witnesses as well as sensitive intelligence information in court to ensure effective prosecution of suspected terrorists with full respect for the rule of law and human rights. The sharing of national experiences and good practices, as well as the training of legislators, judges and other relevant actors are integral elements of the project. This pilot project is sponsored by the Government of the Netherlands in line with its comprehensive strategy to countering terrorism.

To date, the project team has completed several needs assessment and one capacity building mission.

About the Project

On the basis of country requests, and in consultation with the principal donors – the Netherlands Ministry of Security & Justice and the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs – ICCT has undertaken a number of needs assessment missions to requesting countries.

These initial consultations are conducted with the country seeking assistance and aim at calibrating the assistance, assessing the requesting government’s needs and capabilities, and defining the scope, objectives and modalities. Areas of focus include: legal embedment & practices of rule of law-based criminal justice sector response to terrorism in the respective country; national counter-terrorism / judicial / security / intelligence / inter-agency architecture; availability of empirical data; extent of legislation and mechanisms; level of familiarity and training of legal actors with regard to the use of intelligence in terrorism-related court cases and the protection of sources and witnesses.

Capacity Building Missions

Based upon the preliminary needs and capabilities assessment mission, the project team proposes to the requesting country a comprehensive plan for capacity building assistance. Depending on the type of assistance the requesting government is seeking, the capacity building missions can involve: short workshops; guidance in drafting, evaluating and/or improving legislation; designing mechanisms that adequately facilitate the use of intelligence and or protection of witnesses in terrorism-related court cases; training and exchange programmes; as well as the setting up databases.

To ensure thorough and effective needs assessment and capacity building missions, leading national and international experts have been identified in the required areas. These experts accompany project staff on needs assessments and capacity building missions. The size and composition of the teams differs according to the government’s requests and needs, and the particular skills, experience and expertise required to address those needs.

Additional Information

For more information on this project or to request additional information, please contact us at