Sofia Zavagli MA – Research Fellow
Sofia Zavagli is a former Research Fellow at ICCT. In this capacity she is contributing to a project on the foreign fighter phenomenon and the relevant policies in the EU member states.
Sofia works as Project Assistant in the Security and Terrorism division of the Clingendael Institute where she previously held an Internship position working on counter-terrorism (CT) and counter violent extremism (CVE) strategies in Kenya. Prior to joining Clingendael, Sofia interned in the Security and Defence Programme of the International Affairs Institute (IAI) in Rome and in the al-Qaida and Taliban Analytical and Sanctions Monitoring Team at the United Nations Headquarters in New York.
Sofia holds a BA in Oriental Studies from La Sapienza University in Rome and a MA in International Relations from Ca’ Foscari University in Venice. During her studies, she spent a semester at al-Quds University in Palestine and a year at the Université de Liège in Belgium.
This report thoroughly analyses the profiles of individuals with ties to Italy who traveled to join the ranks of Islamic State and other armed groups from 2011 up to October 2017. It provides the first public and systematic investigation of foreign fighters with links to Italy, by inferring observations from 21 individual categories of variables. […]
The notion of ‘Responsibility to Protect’ (R2P) is typically associated with the global obligation of states to protect populations from mass atrocities; a principle which was endorsed by the United Nations in 2005. Two decades earlier, Abdullah Azzam’s fatwa Defense of Muslim Lands: The First Obligation After Iman (1984) established what could be described as […]
On 17 February 2015, Shamima Begum (15), Kadiza Sultana (17), and Amira Abase (17), boarded a flight from London’s Gatwick Airport to Istanbul. After an in Bayrampasa, Turkey, they got on a bus to Urfa – a town close to the Syrian border. It is thought that they crossed the Turkish-Syrian border and travelled towards […]