Prof. Jaap de Hoop Scheffer
Jaap de Hoop Scheffer currently holds the Pieter Kooijmans chair in peace, justice and security at Leiden University, teaching courses in international politics and contemporary diplomacy. He has a long career in Dutch politics and was Minister for Foreign Affairs in the first and second Balkenende Cabinet. In 2003, He was also the Chairman-in-Office of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. De Hoop Scheffer took up his duties as the 11th NATO Secretary General on 5 January 2004, a position he held for more than five years.
By exploring the different roles women have historically played in jihadist movements, this policy brief aims to broaden the understanding of women’s positions in, and their relevance for contemporary jihadism. Women have maintained and propagated jihadist ideology, supported their jihadist husbands, raised their children according to jihadist ideology, recruited others, helped create alliances through strategic […]
The Islamic State is infamous for its sophisticated media campaigns, such as the one that inspired a large-scale migration of supporters to its so-called caliphate. Much less attention has been paid to its propaganda targeting local audiences, which tends to be more difficult to access and decipher. This case study examines a decade-long campaign to […]
The Research Paper opens with a conceptual discussion about definitions of ‘organised crime/groups’ (OCGs) and ‘terrorism/terrorist groups (TGs)’. It distinguishes between four types/levels of ‘links’ between OCGs and TGs and identifies two special types of violent hybrid organisations. It first summarises the main findings of a background report on the links between transnational organised crime […]