Prof. Jaap de Hoop Scheffer
Jaap de Hoop Scheffer currently holds the Pieter Kooijmans chair in peace, justice and security at Leiden University, teaching courses in international politics and contemporary diplomacy. He has a long career in Dutch politics and was Minister for Foreign Affairs in the first and second Balkenende Cabinet. In 2003, He was also the Chairman-in-Office of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. De Hoop Scheffer took up his duties as the 11th NATO Secretary General on 5 January 2004, a position he held for more than five years.
Whereas video releases have been central to the Islamic State’s efforts to represent itself to its audiences, an extensive quantitative and qualitative study of these sources over a longer period of time is still lacking. This paper therefore provides an overview and analysis of the entire corpus of official videos released by the Islamic State […]
The former self-declared caliphate of the Islamic State (IS), once the size of Britain, has collapsed. Its attractiveness to the global jihadi movement also became evident in Germany. The German Federal Domestic Intelligence Service (Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz) estimates that more than 1.050 Foreign Terrorist Fighters (FTFs) have left Germany for Syria and Iraq of whom, to […]
This policy brief examines the role former extremists and former combatants have in countering violent extremism (CVE). ‘The former’ as a special category of actor in CVE activities, including in peacebuilding settings, has gained significant attention in recent years. Various organisations and governments have utilised formers in CVE activities yet it remains unclear if and […]