Prof. Dr. Edwin Bakker
Edwin Bakker is a Research Fellow at ICCT, Professor of (Counter-)Terrorism Studies at Leiden University, and Director of the Institute of Security and Global Affairs (ISGA) of that same university. He studied Economic Geography (Netherlands) and Political Geography (Netherlands and Germany). In 1997, he defended his PhD thesis on minority conflicts in Slovakia and Hungary. He taught classes in international policies on preventing and managing separatism and intra-state war in the Balkans at the Centre for International Conflict Analysis and Management (CICAM), Nijmegen University. Between 2003 and 2010 he was a fellow at the Netherlands Institute of International Relations ‘Clingendael’ where he headed the Clingendael Security and Conflict Programme (since 2007). His research interests at Leiden University and the ICCT are, amongst other, radicalisation processes, jihadi terrorism, unconventional threats to security, and crisis impact management.
Dr. Bakker is member of the Netherlands Helsinki Committee (a rule of law advocacy NGO) and member of the editorial staff of the quarterlies Human Rights and Security, the Journal of Strategic Security, and Vrede & Veiligheid, as well as the monthly Internationale Spectator.
Key publications include:
Bakker, E., Reed, A. and J. de Roy van Zuijdewijn. “Pathways of Foreign Fighters: Policy Options and Their (Un)Intended Consequences”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism- The Hague 6, no. 1 (2015).
Bakker, E. and S. de Leede. “European Female Jihadists in Syria: Exploring and Under-Researched Topic”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 6, no. 2 (2015).
Bakker, E. and J. de Roy van Zuijdewijn. “Returning Western Foreign Fighters: The Case of Afghanistan, Bosnia and Somalia”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 5, no. 2 (2014).
Bakker, E. and B. de Graaf. “Towards a Theory of Fear Management in the Counter-Terrorism Domain”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 5, no. 2 (2014).
Bakker, E., Entenmann, E. and C. Paulussen. “Dealing with European Foreign Fighters in Syria: Governance Challenges and Legal Implications”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 4, no. 8 (2013).
Bakker, E. and R. Meijer, eds. The Muslim Brotherhood in Europe. New York: Colombia University Press, 2012.
Bakker, E. “Forecasting the Unpredicatable: A Review of Forecasts on Terrorism 2000-2012”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 3, no. 6 (2012).
Bakker, E. and T. Veldhuis. “A Fear Management Approach to Counter-Terrorism”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 3, no. 1 (2012).
Bakker, E. and B. de Graaf. “Preventing Lone Wolf Terrorism: some CT Approaches Addressed”, Perspectives on Terrorism 5, no. 5-6 (2011), pp. 43-50.
The previous op-ed in this trilogy looked at how courts in Syria and Iraq can bring terrorists to justice mainly on terrorist charges in their post-conflict settings. This op-ed will examine how foreign national courts can prosecute terrorist crimes that have been committed in Syria and Iraq. These crimes can constitute war crimes, crimes against […]
Now that the military defeat of the so called “Islamic State” in Iraq and in Syria is nearly complete, the international community and countries involved are faced with new challenges for the post-conflict situation. This includes restoring peace and stability, creating all-inclusive government institutions, resettling displaced communities and adopting reconciliation and rehabilitation efforts. Among these […]
For more than two decades, the EU and other donors have spent billions of euros to rebuild the Somali state and, more recently, to counter the rise of the violent Islamist group Al Shabaab. But Somalia remains a weak, if not “failed state”, and progress is nowhere near commensurate with international support. This is because […]