Prof. Dr. Edwin Bakker
Edwin Bakker is a former Research Fellow at ICCT, Professor of (Counter-)Terrorism Studies at Leiden University, and Director of the Institute of Security and Global Affairs (ISGA) of that same university. He studied Economic Geography (Netherlands) and Political Geography (Netherlands and Germany). In 1997, he defended his PhD thesis on minority conflicts in Slovakia and Hungary. He taught classes in international policies on preventing and managing separatism and intra-state war in the Balkans at the Centre for International Conflict Analysis and Management (CICAM), Nijmegen University. Between 2003 and 2010 he was a fellow at the Netherlands Institute of International Relations ‘Clingendael’ where he headed the Clingendael Security and Conflict Programme (since 2007). His research interests at Leiden University and the ICCT are, amongst other, radicalisation processes, jihadi terrorism, unconventional threats to security, and crisis impact management.
Dr. Bakker is member of the Netherlands Helsinki Committee (a rule of law advocacy NGO) and member of the editorial staff of the quarterlies Human Rights and Security, the Journal of Strategic Security, and Vrede & Veiligheid, as well as the monthly Internationale Spectator.
Key publications include:
Bakker, E., Reed, A. and J. de Roy van Zuijdewijn. “Pathways of Foreign Fighters: Policy Options and Their (Un)Intended Consequences”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism- The Hague 6, no. 1 (2015).
Bakker, E. and S. de Leede. “European Female Jihadists in Syria: Exploring and Under-Researched Topic”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 6, no. 2 (2015).
Bakker, E. and J. de Roy van Zuijdewijn. “Returning Western Foreign Fighters: The Case of Afghanistan, Bosnia and Somalia”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 5, no. 2 (2014).
Bakker, E. and B. de Graaf. “Towards a Theory of Fear Management in the Counter-Terrorism Domain”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 5, no. 2 (2014).
Bakker, E., Entenmann, E. and C. Paulussen. “Dealing with European Foreign Fighters in Syria: Governance Challenges and Legal Implications”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 4, no. 8 (2013).
Bakker, E. and R. Meijer, eds. The Muslim Brotherhood in Europe. New York: Colombia University Press, 2012.
Bakker, E. “Forecasting the Unpredicatable: A Review of Forecasts on Terrorism 2000-2012”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 3, no. 6 (2012).
Bakker, E. and T. Veldhuis. “A Fear Management Approach to Counter-Terrorism”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 3, no. 1 (2012).
Bakker, E. and B. de Graaf. “Preventing Lone Wolf Terrorism: some CT Approaches Addressed”, Perspectives on Terrorism 5, no. 5-6 (2011), pp. 43-50.
This policy brief provides an overview of the sociological issues underpinning the issues of far right and Islamist reciprocal or cumulative radicalisation in the Western European context. That is, these groups radicalise each other by mutually reinforcing their hate, intolerance, or indignation towards each other. The nature of reciprocal radicalisation between far right and Islamist […]
Writing in 1992, noted terrorism scholar David Rapoport remarked that nearly 90% of terrorist groups lasted less than one year. Subsequent scholarship on terrorist group longevity has similarly noted the short average lifespan of the vast majority of such groups. Why then—more than three decades after it was originally founded—has al-Qaeda been able to enjoy […]
Introduction In the past months, there has been considerable discussion about whether or not foreign fighters and their families currently detained in camps in Syria should be repatriated. An often-heard justification in Western Europe not to opt for repatriation is the fact that prosecution of the adults will often lead to light sentences and thus […]