Prof. Dr. Edwin Bakker
Edwin Bakker is a former Research Fellow at ICCT, Professor of (Counter-)Terrorism Studies at Leiden University, and Director of the Institute of Security and Global Affairs (ISGA) of that same university. He studied Economic Geography (Netherlands) and Political Geography (Netherlands and Germany). In 1997, he defended his PhD thesis on minority conflicts in Slovakia and Hungary. He taught classes in international policies on preventing and managing separatism and intra-state war in the Balkans at the Centre for International Conflict Analysis and Management (CICAM), Nijmegen University. Between 2003 and 2010 he was a fellow at the Netherlands Institute of International Relations ‘Clingendael’ where he headed the Clingendael Security and Conflict Programme (since 2007). His research interests at Leiden University and the ICCT are, amongst other, radicalisation processes, jihadi terrorism, unconventional threats to security, and crisis impact management.
Dr. Bakker is member of the Netherlands Helsinki Committee (a rule of law advocacy NGO) and member of the editorial staff of the quarterlies Human Rights and Security, the Journal of Strategic Security, and Vrede & Veiligheid, as well as the monthly Internationale Spectator.
Key publications include:
Bakker, E., Reed, A. and J. de Roy van Zuijdewijn. “Pathways of Foreign Fighters: Policy Options and Their (Un)Intended Consequences”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism- The Hague 6, no. 1 (2015).
Bakker, E. and S. de Leede. “European Female Jihadists in Syria: Exploring and Under-Researched Topic”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 6, no. 2 (2015).
Bakker, E. and J. de Roy van Zuijdewijn. “Returning Western Foreign Fighters: The Case of Afghanistan, Bosnia and Somalia”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 5, no. 2 (2014).
Bakker, E. and B. de Graaf. “Towards a Theory of Fear Management in the Counter-Terrorism Domain”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 5, no. 2 (2014).
Bakker, E., Entenmann, E. and C. Paulussen. “Dealing with European Foreign Fighters in Syria: Governance Challenges and Legal Implications”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 4, no. 8 (2013).
Bakker, E. and R. Meijer, eds. The Muslim Brotherhood in Europe. New York: Colombia University Press, 2012.
Bakker, E. “Forecasting the Unpredicatable: A Review of Forecasts on Terrorism 2000-2012”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 3, no. 6 (2012).
Bakker, E. and T. Veldhuis. “A Fear Management Approach to Counter-Terrorism”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 3, no. 1 (2012).
Bakker, E. and B. de Graaf. “Preventing Lone Wolf Terrorism: some CT Approaches Addressed”, Perspectives on Terrorism 5, no. 5-6 (2011), pp. 43-50.
Within the territorial boundaries of the Islamic State’s (IS) ‘caliphate’, women were largely confined to the domestic sphere. Their roles centred on support to militant husbands and the ideological upbringing of children. The physical collapse of IS’ proto-state marks a significant turning point in women’s commitment and activism for the group. Many IS-affiliated women are […]
Right-wing violence and terrorism have slowly gained more academic and public attention in recent years, with an increase in anti-immigration and anti-government organised violence from the extreme right in most Western countries. Some evidence exists that right-wing extremists have attempted to infiltrate the military in their home countries to gain access to tactical training, weapons, […]
Climate change indirectly increases the risk of violent extremism, write Reinier Bergema and General (ret.) Tom Middendorp in their PSI-ICCT policy brief The Warning Signs are Flashing Red: The interplay between climate change and violent extremism in the Western Sahel. Development and security cannot do without the other. It is not enough to counter violent […]