Prof. Dr. Edwin Bakker
Edwin Bakker is a Research Fellow at ICCT, Professor of (Counter-)Terrorism Studies at Leiden University, and Director of the Institute of Security and Global Affairs (ISGA) of that same university. He studied Economic Geography (Netherlands) and Political Geography (Netherlands and Germany). In 1997, he defended his PhD thesis on minority conflicts in Slovakia and Hungary. He taught classes in international policies on preventing and managing separatism and intra-state war in the Balkans at the Centre for International Conflict Analysis and Management (CICAM), Nijmegen University. Between 2003 and 2010 he was a fellow at the Netherlands Institute of International Relations ‘Clingendael’ where he headed the Clingendael Security and Conflict Programme (since 2007). His research interests at Leiden University and the ICCT are, amongst other, radicalisation processes, jihadi terrorism, unconventional threats to security, and crisis impact management.
Dr. Bakker is member of the Netherlands Helsinki Committee (a rule of law advocacy NGO) and member of the editorial staff of the quarterlies Human Rights and Security, the Journal of Strategic Security, and Vrede & Veiligheid, as well as the monthly Internationale Spectator.
Key publications include:
Bakker, E., Reed, A. and J. de Roy van Zuijdewijn. “Pathways of Foreign Fighters: Policy Options and Their (Un)Intended Consequences”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism- The Hague 6, no. 1 (2015).
Bakker, E. and S. de Leede. “European Female Jihadists in Syria: Exploring and Under-Researched Topic”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 6, no. 2 (2015).
Bakker, E. and J. de Roy van Zuijdewijn. “Returning Western Foreign Fighters: The Case of Afghanistan, Bosnia and Somalia”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 5, no. 2 (2014).
Bakker, E. and B. de Graaf. “Towards a Theory of Fear Management in the Counter-Terrorism Domain”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 5, no. 2 (2014).
Bakker, E., Entenmann, E. and C. Paulussen. “Dealing with European Foreign Fighters in Syria: Governance Challenges and Legal Implications”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 4, no. 8 (2013).
Bakker, E. and R. Meijer, eds. The Muslim Brotherhood in Europe. New York: Colombia University Press, 2012.
Bakker, E. “Forecasting the Unpredicatable: A Review of Forecasts on Terrorism 2000-2012”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 3, no. 6 (2012).
Bakker, E. and T. Veldhuis. “A Fear Management Approach to Counter-Terrorism”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 3, no. 1 (2012).
Bakker, E. and B. de Graaf. “Preventing Lone Wolf Terrorism: some CT Approaches Addressed”, Perspectives on Terrorism 5, no. 5-6 (2011), pp. 43-50.
The Islamic State is infamous for its sophisticated media campaigns, such as the one that inspired a large-scale migration of supporters to its so-called caliphate. Much less attention has been paid to its propaganda targeting local audiences, which tends to be more difficult to access and decipher. This case study examines a decade-long campaign to […]
The Research Paper opens with a conceptual discussion about definitions of ‘organised crime/groups’ (OCGs) and ‘terrorism/terrorist groups (TGs)’. It distinguishes between four types/levels of ‘links’ between OCGs and TGs and identifies two special types of violent hybrid organisations. It first summarises the main findings of a background report on the links between transnational organised crime […]
This report is a project document of ICCT’s Engaging Civil Society in Rehabilitation project, and has been produced in collaboration with the Global Center on Cooperative Security. This report examines the role of civil society organisation (CSOs) in the rehabilitation and reintegration of those associated with and affected by violent extremism. It builds on the work […]