Prof. Dr. Edwin Bakker
Edwin Bakker is a Research Fellow at ICCT, Professor of (Counter-)Terrorism Studies at Leiden University, and Director of the Institute of Security and Global Affairs (ISGA) of that same university. He studied Economic Geography (Netherlands) and Political Geography (Netherlands and Germany). In 1997, he defended his PhD thesis on minority conflicts in Slovakia and Hungary. He taught classes in international policies on preventing and managing separatism and intra-state war in the Balkans at the Centre for International Conflict Analysis and Management (CICAM), Nijmegen University. Between 2003 and 2010 he was a fellow at the Netherlands Institute of International Relations ‘Clingendael’ where he headed the Clingendael Security and Conflict Programme (since 2007). His research interests at Leiden University and the ICCT are, amongst other, radicalisation processes, jihadi terrorism, unconventional threats to security, and crisis impact management.
Dr. Bakker is member of the Netherlands Helsinki Committee (a rule of law advocacy NGO) and member of the editorial staff of the quarterlies Human Rights and Security, the Journal of Strategic Security, and Vrede & Veiligheid, as well as the monthly Internationale Spectator.
Key publications include:
Bakker, E., Reed, A. and J. de Roy van Zuijdewijn. “Pathways of Foreign Fighters: Policy Options and Their (Un)Intended Consequences”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism- The Hague 6, no. 1 (2015).
Bakker, E. and S. de Leede. “European Female Jihadists in Syria: Exploring and Under-Researched Topic”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 6, no. 2 (2015).
Bakker, E. and J. de Roy van Zuijdewijn. “Returning Western Foreign Fighters: The Case of Afghanistan, Bosnia and Somalia”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 5, no. 2 (2014).
Bakker, E. and B. de Graaf. “Towards a Theory of Fear Management in the Counter-Terrorism Domain”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 5, no. 2 (2014).
Bakker, E., Entenmann, E. and C. Paulussen. “Dealing with European Foreign Fighters in Syria: Governance Challenges and Legal Implications”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 4, no. 8 (2013).
Bakker, E. and R. Meijer, eds. The Muslim Brotherhood in Europe. New York: Colombia University Press, 2012.
Bakker, E. “Forecasting the Unpredicatable: A Review of Forecasts on Terrorism 2000-2012”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 3, no. 6 (2012).
Bakker, E. and T. Veldhuis. “A Fear Management Approach to Counter-Terrorism”, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague 3, no. 1 (2012).
Bakker, E. and B. de Graaf. “Preventing Lone Wolf Terrorism: some CT Approaches Addressed”, Perspectives on Terrorism 5, no. 5-6 (2011), pp. 43-50.
Anjem Choudary, once accused of “poisoning the minds of the vulnerable” was released on licence from Belmarsh prison on Friday, 19 October. Prior to his conviction, Choudary and his extremist groups were thought to have influenced at least 100 people from Britain to pursue terrorist activities. His notoriety at the time was such that he […]
In light of the territorial demise of the Islamic State (IS) in Iraq and Syria, this report analyses the continued risks posed by IS. Given that IS is playing a long game, the report calls upon policymakers to keep up the counter-terrorism pressure, to sidestep policy fatigue at all costs to avoid undoing years of […]
Introduction Virtual currencies (VCs), including cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, have gained considerable popularity over the past several years. Although VCs have many potential uses in everyday life, they often carry an association with illicit transactions such as purchasing illegal drugs on Dark Web marketplaces or in ransomware attacks such as WannaCry, which affected companies and […]