Joanne Mariner is the Interim Director of Law and Policy at Amnesty International. Before taking up this role, she was the Human Rights Program Director at Hunter College, City University of New York. Previously, she was the Director of the Terrorism and Counterterrorism Program at Human Rights Watch, where she has worked inter alia on documenting war crimes in Colombia, Kosovo and Darfur, political violence in Haiti, and the interface between terrorism and the laws of war. She closely follows developments at Guantanamo and has conducted extensive research on rendition and CIA prisons. In 2006, she testified before the European Parliament about CIA activities in Europe. She drafted Human Rights Watch’s 1999 submission to the House of Lords in the Pinochet case, and is the author of a ground-breaking 2001 report on prison rape. Before joining Human Rights Watch, Mariner served as a law clerk to Judge Stephen Reinhardt of the US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.
This policy brief provides an overview of the sociological issues underpinning the issues of far right and Islamist reciprocal or cumulative radicalisation in the Western European context. That is, these groups radicalise each other by mutually reinforcing their hate, intolerance, or indignation towards each other. The nature of reciprocal radicalisation between far right and Islamist […]
Writing in 1992, noted terrorism scholar David Rapoport remarked that nearly 90% of terrorist groups lasted less than one year. Subsequent scholarship on terrorist group longevity has similarly noted the short average lifespan of the vast majority of such groups. Why then—more than three decades after it was originally founded—has al-Qaeda been able to enjoy […]
Introduction In the past months, there has been considerable discussion about whether or not foreign fighters and their families currently detained in camps in Syria should be repatriated. An often-heard justification in Western Europe not to opt for repatriation is the fact that prosecution of the adults will often lead to light sentences and thus […]