Joanne Mariner is the Interim Director of Law and Policy at Amnesty International. Before taking up this role, she was the Human Rights Program Director at Hunter College, City University of New York. Previously, she was the Director of the Terrorism and Counterterrorism Program at Human Rights Watch, where she has worked inter alia on documenting war crimes in Colombia, Kosovo and Darfur, political violence in Haiti, and the interface between terrorism and the laws of war. She closely follows developments at Guantanamo and has conducted extensive research on rendition and CIA prisons. In 2006, she testified before the European Parliament about CIA activities in Europe. She drafted Human Rights Watch’s 1999 submission to the House of Lords in the Pinochet case, and is the author of a ground-breaking 2001 report on prison rape. Before joining Human Rights Watch, Mariner served as a law clerk to Judge Stephen Reinhardt of the US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.
By exploring the different roles women have historically played in jihadist movements, this policy brief aims to broaden the understanding of women’s positions in, and their relevance for contemporary jihadism. Women have maintained and propagated jihadist ideology, supported their jihadist husbands, raised their children according to jihadist ideology, recruited others, helped create alliances through strategic […]
The Islamic State is infamous for its sophisticated media campaigns, such as the one that inspired a large-scale migration of supporters to its so-called caliphate. Much less attention has been paid to its propaganda targeting local audiences, which tends to be more difficult to access and decipher. This case study examines a decade-long campaign to […]
The Research Paper opens with a conceptual discussion about definitions of ‘organised crime/groups’ (OCGs) and ‘terrorism/terrorist groups (TGs)’. It distinguishes between four types/levels of ‘links’ between OCGs and TGs and identifies two special types of violent hybrid organisations. It first summarises the main findings of a background report on the links between transnational organised crime […]