Dr Noémie Bouhana
Dr Noémie Bouhana is Associate Professor in Security and Crime Science at University College London, where she co-leads the Counter-Terrorism Research Group. At ICCT, Dr Bouhana is part of our editorial board for the ICCT journal. Her work centres around the processes involved in the emergence of extremist ecologies in complex social systems, the role that these ecologies play in the development of an extremist propensity, and the implications of this understanding for risk analysis of extremist crime. She is a frequent advisor to governments and public agencies on these topics.
Previously, she directed the €2.9M PRIME project, an international consortium of six European universities conducting multidisciplinary research in the prevention and mitigation of lone actor radicalisation and attack behaviour. At present, she directs the $1M project “The Social Ecology of Radicalisation”, funded by the Minerva Initiative. Prior work has been supported by the Centre for Research and Evidence on Security Threats, the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory, the Office of Security and Counter-Terrorism, the MoD Counter-Terrorism Science and Technology Centre, the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, and the US National Institute of Justice, among others.
This perspective critically examines some challenges posed to the rule of law and human rights by states’ use of data-driven learning-based artificial intelligence (AI) systems for identifying individuals presenting a threat to national security.