Dr. Jacob Aasland Ravndal
Jacob Aasland Ravndal is Research Fellow at the Center for Research on Extremism (C-REX) at the University of Oslo. Before that, Ravndal was a doctoral candidate and Research Fellow at the Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (FFI). His PhD thesis investigates the evolution of right-wing terrorism in post-WWII Western Europe. Previously, he has studied the use of intelligence in international military operations, cyber security, and protection of civilians in armed conflicts. His current research interests include the relationship between left- and right-wing militancy and violence, terrorist tactics, online radicalisation, and the use of intelligence in domestic counterterrorism operations.
The previous op-ed in this trilogy looked at how courts in Syria and Iraq can bring terrorists to justice mainly on terrorist charges in their post-conflict settings. This op-ed will examine how foreign national courts can prosecute terrorist crimes that have been committed in Syria and Iraq. These crimes can constitute war crimes, crimes against […]
Now that the military defeat of the so called “Islamic State” in Iraq and in Syria is nearly complete, the international community and countries involved are faced with new challenges for the post-conflict situation. This includes restoring peace and stability, creating all-inclusive government institutions, resettling displaced communities and adopting reconciliation and rehabilitation efforts. Among these […]
For more than two decades, the EU and other donors have spent billions of euros to rebuild the Somali state and, more recently, to counter the rise of the violent Islamist group Al Shabaab. But Somalia remains a weak, if not “failed state”, and progress is nowhere near commensurate with international support. This is because […]