Dr. Jacob Aasland Ravndal
Jacob Aasland Ravndal is Research Fellow at the Center for Research on Extremism (C-REX) at the University of Oslo. Before that, Ravndal was a doctoral candidate and Research Fellow at the Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (FFI). His PhD thesis investigates the evolution of right-wing terrorism in post-WWII Western Europe. Previously, he has studied the use of intelligence in international military operations, cyber security, and protection of civilians in armed conflicts. His current research interests include the relationship between left- and right-wing militancy and violence, terrorist tactics, online radicalisation, and the use of intelligence in domestic counterterrorism operations.
This report thoroughly analyses the profiles of individuals with ties to Italy who traveled to join the ranks of Islamic State and other armed groups from 2011 up to October 2017. It provides the first public and systematic investigation of foreign fighters with links to Italy, by inferring observations from 21 individual categories of variables. […]
The notion of ‘Responsibility to Protect’ (R2P) is typically associated with the global obligation of states to protect populations from mass atrocities; a principle which was endorsed by the United Nations in 2005. Two decades earlier, Abdullah Azzam’s fatwa Defense of Muslim Lands: The First Obligation After Iman (1984) established what could be described as […]
On 17 February 2015, Shamima Begum (15), Kadiza Sultana (17), and Amira Abase (17), boarded a flight from London’s Gatwick Airport to Istanbul. After an in Bayrampasa, Turkey, they got on a bus to Urfa – a town close to the Syrian border. It is thought that they crossed the Turkish-Syrian border and travelled towards […]